A substantial impairment is one that significantly limits or restricts a major life activity such as hearing, seeing, speaking, walking, breathing, and performing manual tasks, caring for oneself, learning or working." (U. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2013) Employers face a burden of proven undue hardship when facing charges for Americans with Disabilities Act forms of discriminations.This along with race is one of the most common types of employments discrimination claims.
"Institutional racism is defined as racial discrimination by governments, corporations, educational institutions, or other large organizations with the power to influence the lives of many individuals." (Law Firms, 2013) "Economic racism is defined as historical economic or social disparity that affects current generations through deficits in formal education and through primarily unconscious racist attitudes and actions on members of the general public." (Law Firms, 2013) "Harassment is unwelcome conduct that is based on race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.Tacit knowledge can only be gained from years of experience of working in a particular field for an extensive period of time. aviation, being over 40 may not be the best health wise because your reflexes tend to slow down naturally with age.This may not only cause a dangerous environment for the employee, but for the customers as well."The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of age; applies to individuals who are at least 40 years old."(Bennett-Alexander, 2009) People over the age of 40 are quick to be thought of as old when it comes to being productive within the workplace.